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Sarah Deutsch. No Separate Refuge: Culture, Class, and Gender on the Anglo-Hispanic Frontier in the American Southwest, 1880-1940. Oxford University Press, Incorporated: New York. 1987.
Sarah Deutsch examines the strategies used by Hispanics and Anglos to cope with interactions with new cultures in southern Colorado and northern New Mexico from 1880 to 1940. Deutsch traces these intercultural relations across time and space and looks at the role that gender plays in that dynamic. She seeks to dispel the myth that Hispanics are static, inflexible, paternalistic, and passive. Deutsch examines the realms of society, economy, politics, and culture to understand how Hispanics and Anglos tried to control the degree of interaction on the frontier. For the Chicano experience, the author looks at the home, village, city, fields, and mining camps. Chicanos saw the entire region as their community, bound by ties of kinship and economy. Conditions at one site in the region could affect all of the others. Deutsch uses the regional community as the framework to illuminate the intersection of class, culture, and gender at various places on the Anglo-Hispanic frontier. She traces the dynamics of the villages and the role of women in them as the regional community gains in importance. Deutsch then looks at relations between Hispanics and Anglos in specific contexts and explores the constant change and adaptation that occurred within a particular economic, political, and social framework. The final portion of the book covers broader economic trends, such as World War I and the Depression, to show how these trends affected local adaptations. Toward the latter part of the time covered in this book, women began to loose their place of importance in the villages. Deutsch sees this as a major factor contributing to the decline of the regional communities in southern Colorado and northern New Mexico. [J. Stabler]